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At Valley Forge, there were shortages of everything from food to clothing to medicine. Washington’s men were sick from disease, hunger, and exposure. The Continental Army camped in crude log cabins and endured cold conditions while the Redcoats warmed themselves in colonial homes.

What effect did Valley Forge have on the Continental Army?

At Valley Forge, there were shortages of everything from food to clothing to medicine. Washington’s men were sick from disease, hunger, and exposure. The Continental Army camped in crude log cabins and endured cold conditions while the Redcoats warmed themselves in colonial homes.

How did the Continental Congress pay for the war?

Which events encouraged France to help ease the hardships endured by the Continental Army?

colonial victories in Trenton, Princeton, and Saratoga colonial defeats in Long Island and Fort Lee British victories in Trenton, Princeton, and Saratoga British defeats in Long Island and Fort Lee.

Why did the British move much of its military operations to the south?

The British southern strategy was to move the military theater to the southern colonies where there were more Loyalist colonists. Slaves and Indian allies, the British hoped, would also swell their ranks. This strategy worked at first, allowing the British to take Charleston.

Why is Ireland Not in the UK?

When Ireland suddenly declared itself a republic in 1949, thus making it impossible to remain in the British Commonwealth, the UK government legislated that even though the Republic of Ireland was no longer a British dominion, it would not be treated as a foreign country for the purposes of British law.

What did the black and tans do to the Irish?

The Black and Tans gained a reputation for police brutality and became notorious for reprisal attacks on civilians and civilian property, including extrajudicial killings, arson and looting. Their actions further swayed Irish public opinion against British rule and drew condemnation in Britain.

Who invaded Ireland First?

Edward Bruce of Scotland

Where did the Irish originally come from?

From as far back as the 16th century, historians taught that the Irish are the descendants of the Celts, an Iron Age people who originated in the middle of Europe and invaded Ireland somewhere between 1000 B.C. and 500 B.C. That story has inspired innumerable references linking the Irish with Celtic culture.

What did Normans bring to Ireland?

The Normans introduced the English language to Ireland, common law, which eventually supplanted Brehon law, parliamentary systems and they built imposing castles across the land most notably King John’s Castle in Limerick, Trim Castle and Carrickfergus Castle.

Has Ireland ever been conquered?

Viking invasions of Ireland (8th–11th century). Scottish invasion by Edward Bruce (1315–18). English invasion of Ireland (1399), invasion by Richard II following which he was deposed by Henry IV. Tudor conquest of Ireland, invasion begun by Henry VIII of England after he was declared King of Ireland (16th century).

Did the Romans ever try to invade Ireland?

The Romans never conquered Ireland. They did not even try. Some archaeologists have suggested that Agricola established a bridgehead at Drumanagh, an Iron Age promontory fort that juts into the Irish Sea near Rush, some 20km north of Dublin.

Which country has historically never invaded another?

India never invaded any country in her last 100000 years of history. The name ‘India’ is derived from the River Indus, the valleys around which were the home of the early settlers.

The Spanish Armada in Ireland refers to the landfall made upon the coast of Ireland in September 1588 of a large portion of the 130-strong fleet sent by Philip II to invade England. It is estimated that some 6,000 members of the fleet perished in Ireland or off its coasts.

What does the term Black Irish mean?

Black Irish is an ambiguous term sometimes used (mainly outside Ireland) as a reference to a dark-haired phenotype appearing in people of Irish origin. However, dark hair in people of Irish descent is common, although darker skin complexions appear less frequently.

What does Black Irish look like?

Black Irish refers to a physical type including milk-white skin, often with freckles, blue eyes, and jet black hair, found among most Celtic peoples.

Did the Irish fight in ww2?

Ireland remained neutral during World War II. However, tens of thousands of Irish citizens, who were by law British subjects, fought in the Allied armies against the Nazis, mostly in the British army.