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Führer, also spelled Fuehrer, German Führer, (“Leader”), title used by Adolf Hitler to define his role of absolute authority in Germany’s Third Reich (1933–45).

What was the title taken up by Adolf Hitler?

Führer, also spelled Fuehrer, German Führer, (“Leader”), title used by Adolf Hitler to define his role of absolute authority in Germany’s Third Reich (1933–45).

What were the 1st and 2nd Reichs?

Did Germany have an empire?

German Empire, also called Second Reich, historical empire founded on January 18, 1871, in the wake of three short, successful wars by the North German state of Prussia. Within a seven-year span, Denmark, the Habsburg monarchy, and France had been vanquished.

When was the 1st Reich?

Third Reich, official Nazi designation for the regime in Germany from January 1933 to May 1945, as the presumed successor of the medieval and early modern Holy Roman Empire of 800 to 1806 (the First Reich) and the German Empire of 1871 to 1918 (the Second Reich).

How old is the German flag?

Flag of Germany

Adopted 23 May 1949
Design A horizontal tricolour of black, red, and gold
Variant flag of Flag of the Federal Republic of Germany
Use State flag and ensign, war flag
Proportion 3:5

When did the Second Reich end?

Nove

When did German monarchy end?

9 November 1918

What was Germany before 1914?

Life in Germany prior to the outbreak of WW1 was very good. Economic prosperity and growth led to increased urbanisation within Germany, and by 1910, 60% of its citizens lived in cities. In 1914, Germany was the 2nd largest industrial power in the world, only beaten by the United States.

After a brief struggle for power, Hitler was named Chancellor in January 1933. Within weeks, he invoked Article 48 of the Weimar Constitution to quash many civil rights and suppress members of the Communist party.

What was Germany called in 1914?

German Empire

German Empire Deutsches Kaiserreich
• Constitution 16 April 1871
• Berlin Conference 15 November 1884
• World War I 28 July 1914
• German Revolution 3 November 1918

What problems did Germany face before 1914?

Germany before World War I was a nation struggling to assert its place in the world. Its leader, Kaiser Wilhelm II, was an ambitious nationalist cursed with impatience and recklessness. Germany’s economy was one of the fast-growing in the world but its ruling class and society were infected with militarism.

Why did Germany join ww1?

Germany’s violation of Belgian neutrality and British fears of German domination in Europe brought Britain and its empire into the war on 4 August. These actions reflect the fears, anxieties and ambitions of the European powers.

Is Danzig German or Polish?

Danzig, largely an ethnically German city, became a “free city” under the protection of the League of Nations (the worldwide organization of states established by the treaty), but with special administrative ties to Poland.

Is Gdansk more Polish or German?

Gdańsk (German: Danzig; Kashubian: Gduńsk) is one of the oldest cities in Poland. Founded by the Polish ruler Mieszko I in the 10th century, the city was for a long time part of Piast state either directly or as a fief….Historical population. of Gdańsk/Danzig.

Year Population
2019 470,904

Is Gdansk still German?

Gdańsk, German Danzig, city, capital of Pomorskie województwo (province), northern Poland, situated at the mouth of the Vistula River on the Baltic Sea.

What was Gdansk previously called?

The city’s Latin name may be given as either Gedania, Gedanum or Dantiscum; the variety of Latin names reflects the mixed influence of the city’s Polish, German and Kashubian heritage. Other former spellings of the name include Dantzig, Dantsic and Dantzic.

What region did the French occupy to protect themselves from Germany?

France and Belgium occupied the heavily industrialized Ruhr Valley in response to Germany defaulting on reparation payments dictated by the victorious powers after World War I in the Treaty of Versailles.